The 7 Noahide laws in Kabbalah: Kabbalah for a better world
The Jewish tradition teaches that the Torah given at Mount Sinai has messages for all humanity, whether Jewish or not. The Torah (as explained in the Talmud - Sanhedrin 58b) presents seven principles of faith, for all humanity. These principles are the pillars of human civilization, and are named the "Seven Noahide laws" since all humans are descended from Noah. They are:
1. Do not worship idols (belief in the oneness of the ceator)
2. Do not curse the creator (proper use of the power of speech)
3. Do not murder (the sanctity of life)
5. Do not steal (the respect others' property)
4. Do not be sexually immoral (srentghening family life)
6. Do not eat a limb removed from a live animal (respect all created beings)
7. Set up courts of justice (promote moral values)
Maimonides, the great Kabbalist and master of Jewish law from the 12th century, explains the spiritual background of the observation of this principles and how they were given at Mount Sinai to all human beings.
Today, there are many active groups of people all over the world, who faithfully observe the Seven Laws of Noah and are inspired by the Kabbalistic ideas that are reflected in them.
The 7 Sephirot and the 7 laws
Kabbalah teaches that the seven Noahide laws correspond to the seven emotive powers of the soul - the seven Sephirot.
Chesed: ("loving kindness") prohibition against adultery.
Gevurah:("severity", might) prohibition against murder.
Tiferet: ("beauty") prohibition against theft.
Netzach: ("victory," "eternity" )prohibition against idol worship.
Hod: ("splendor") prohibition against blasphemy.
Yesod: ("foundation") prohibition against eating flesh torn from a live animal ordrinking its blood.
Malchut: ("kingship") establishing a legal system.
That adultery is a perversion of love and murder is a perversion of might is obvious. Theft is a perversion of beauty, since beauty is the trait that enables one to relate to another with concern and consideration.
Faith in the oneness of the creator represents man's victory over evil whose power is its ability to misdirect one's faith. The perversion of faith is idol worship. Blasphemy is a perversion of the soul's acknowledgment and expression of thanks to the creator.
While the first five and the last one of the Noahide laws were given to Adam at the outset of creation, the sixth was first given to Noah after the Flood. The Torah refers to Noah as the "righteous one", the "foundation" (yesod) of his generation. The first 10 generations of mankind had been instructed by G-d to be vegetarian. After the Flood, G-d permitted Noah and his descendants to eat animal flesh in general, but forbade them to eat limbs amputated from a living animal, or to drink blood from a living animal.
The seventh Noahide law is a positive one. It is the commandment to establish a legal system in order to instruct and judge righteously and in this way to regulate and rectify society. This commandment corresponds to the power of Malchut ("kingship"), for law is the foundation of any kingdom. Malchut receives input from the other powers of the soul, as it is said: "All the rivers [the six powers] flow into the sea [malchut]." In the body of man, Malchut corresponds to the mouth, whose function is to direct and instruct.